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The  Literature  of  Mountain  Climbing 
in  America 






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diinhin^  in  America 

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Reprinted  from  Appalachia,  Vol.  XIV,  No.  3.  Jutio,  101s. 

The  Literature  of  Mountain  Climbing  in  America 

By  Allen  H.  Bext 

The  books  and  magazine  articles  upon  American  mountains, 
like  the  trails  thereof,  have  become  so  numerous  that  there  is 
perhaps  some  excuse  for  a  guide  to  thread  their  mazes.  Mine 
makes  no  pretention  to  completeness;  it  aims  simply  to  give 
a  helping  hand  to  those  who  have  started  on  the  upward 
path.  In  order  to  keep  it  within  reasonable  bounds  only 
books  and  papers  that  are  devoted  wholly  and  in  part  to  actual 
climbing  are  included.  Many  articles  have  strayed  into  un- 
expected   places.     For   example,    oik^    would    hardly   look   for 


information  about  the  White  Mountains  in  a  San  Francisco 
magazine,  or  for  climbs  in  the  Sierra  Nevada  in  a  Honolulu 
monthlj^,  or  for  the  Atlirondacks  in  a  Swiss  mountaineering 
journal,  3'et  all  these  things  have  been  found  and  doubtless 
there  are  many  more  such  that  have  eluded  the  compiler's 
eye.  "^ 

The  beginnings  of  mountaineering  in  America  have  to  be 
looked  for  mainly  in  early  histories  and  narratives  of  travel, 
though  the  first  ascent  in  the  Canadian  Rockies  is  chronicled 
in  the  supplement  to  a  botanical  magazine.  The  first  maga- 
zine article  upon  American  mountains  seems  to  be  Jeremy 
Belknap's  account  of  the  White  Mountains,  printed  in  the 
American  Magazine  in  Philadelphia  in  February,  1788.  The 
first  book  was  Joel  T.  Headley's  The  Adirondack,  published 
in  1849.  The  Alpine  Journal  of  England,  the  earliest  of  such 
magazines,  had  a  short  account  of  a  climb  in  Central  America 
in  its  first  volume,  1864,  and  in  the  third  volume,  1867,  there 
was  an  account  of  an  ascent  of  Mt.  Hood.  The  first  book 
devoted  to  alpine  climbing  in  America  was  Clarence  King's 
Mountaineering  in  the  Sierra  Nevada. 

A'PPALACHIA  has  published  in  recent  years  articles  upon 
Early  Mountaineers  (May,  1913);  The  Indians  and  the  Moun- 
tains (June,  1915);  and  The  Mountaineering  Clubs  of  America 
(December,  1916).  These  collectively  form  a  sort  of  intro- 
duction to  the  mountains  of  America;  but,  as  all  were  written 
by  the  compiler  of  this  list,  perhaps  his  recommendation  is 
not  valid.  More  interesting  are  John  C.  Van  Dyke's  book 
The  Moimtain  (1916),  and  the  articles  on  "Famous  American 
Mountains,"  by  Henry  Gannett,  in  Everybody's  Magazine, 
May,  1902;  "Mountaineering  in  North  America,"  by  Robert 
Dunn,  in  Outing,  September,  1907;  "The  World's  Highest 
Altitudes  and  First  Ascents,"  by  Charles  E.  Fay,  in  the  Na- 
tional Geographic  Magazine,  June,  1909;  and  "The  Climbed 
and  Unclimbed  Peaks  of  the  Americas,"  by  Granville  For- 
tescue,  in  the  Bulletin  of  the  International  Bureau  of  the  Ameri- 
can Republics,  June,  1910.  Valuable  as  adjuncts  are  the 
Dictionary  of  Altitudes  prepared  by  the  U.  S.  Geological  Sur- 
vey in  1906;  the  booklet  upon  Equipment,  published  by  the 
Appalachian  Mountain  Club  in  1916;  and  the  maps  of  the 
U.  S.  Geological  Survey  and  Forest  Service  of  the  United 



States,    and    the    Topographical   Survey   and   the   Dominion 
Parks  of  the  Department  of  Interior  of  Canada. 

Of  first  importance  perhaps  are  the  journals  of  our  moun- 
taineering clubs,  which  accordingly  we  place  first  in  our  list. 
Then  follows  the  bibliography  of  peaks,  ranges  or  regions 
arranged  in  alphabetical  order,  the  individual  titles  being  so 
far  as  feasible  in  chronological  sequence. 


Appalachia.     Appalachian  Mountain  Club,  Boston,  since  1876. 
Sierra  Club  Journal.     Sierra  Club,  San  Francisco,  since  1893. 
Mazama.     The  Mazamas,  Portland,  Oregon,  irregularly  1896  to  1907, 

annually  s-inre  1912. 
Mt.  Whitney  Club  Journal.   Visalia,  California,  three  numbers,  1902, 

1903,  1904. 
Alpina  Americana.     American  Alpine  Club,  1907,  1911,  1914. 
Canadian  Alpine  Journal.     Alpine  Club  of  Canada,  Banff,  Alberta, 

since  1907  (except  1914). 
The  Mountaineer.     The  Mountaineers,   Seattle,  Washington,   since 

The    Northern    Cordilleran.     British    Columbia    Mountaineering 

Club,  Vancouver,  B.  C,  one  number,  1913. 
Trail  anb  Timberline.    Colorado  Mountain  Club,  Denver,  Colorado, 

1915  and  1916. 


The  Adirondack;  or  Life  in  the  Woods.  By  Joel  T.  Headley,  1849- 
(The  first  book  devoted  entirely  to  mountains  in  America.) 

The  Indian  Pass.     By  Alfred  B.  Street,  1869. 

Second  and  Seventh  Reports  on  the  Topographical  Survey  of  the 
Adirondack  Wilderness.     By  Verplanck  Colvin,  1S74  and  1880. 

Little  Rivers.  By  Henry  Van  Dyke,  1895.  (Chapte  •  on  Amper- 

The  Adirondacks.     By  T.  Morris  Longstreth,    917. 

Appalachia,  December  1888,  May  1890,  July  1891,  June  190S,>  July  1910,» 

Outing,  December,   1912  and  L'Echo  des  Alps,  Januarj-  1917. 

Bibliography  in  Longstreth's  book. 


Shores  and  Alps  of  Alaska.     By  H.  W.  Seton  Karr,  1887. 
Thirteenth  Report  of  U.  S.  Geological  Survey,  1892. 

(Contains  I.  C.  Russell's  account  of  his  second  attempt  to  climb 
Mt.  St.  Elias.     First  in  National  Geographical  Magazine,  1891.) 

'  Winter  ascents  of  .Mt.  Marcy,  the  highest  of  the  Adirondacks. 


The  Out  of  Doou  Lihrary.  Mountain  Climbing.  Scribners,  1897. 
(Contains  two  articles  on  Mt.  St.  Elias  first  printed  in  Scribner's 

The  Ascent  of  Mt.  St.  Elias  by  H.  R.  H.  -Duke  of  the  Auruzei. 
By  P^ilippo  de  Filippi,  1899. 

The  Shameless  Diary  of  an  Explorer. ^     By  Robert  Dunn,   1907. 

To  the  Top  of  the  Continent.*    By  Frederick  A.  COTjlT,  1908. 

The  Mt.  McKinley  Region  of  Alaska. '    By  A.  H.  Brooks,   1911. 

The  Conquest  of  Mt.  McKinley. *     By  Belmore  Browne,  1913. 

The  Ascent  of  Denali.'     By  Hudson  Stuck,  1914. 

Alpina  Americana,  No.  3.     By  Alfred  H.  Brooks,  1914. 

Mt.  McKinley  and  Mountain  Climbers  Proofs.'  By  Edwin  S. 
Balch,   1914. 

Appalachia,  December  1884,  July  1910,  April  1912,=  June  1913  ;* 
Alpine  Journal,  November  1886,  August  1889,  August  1911, i  May 
1913;!  -Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  January  1898;  Canadian  Alpine  Jour- 
nal, 1911,1  1915;  National  Geographic  Magazine,  May  1891,  March 
1908,  July  1912,  January  1917;  Rcvieio  of  Reviews,  January  1907  ;> 
Harper's,  March  1909;  World's  Work,  November  1913.^ 


The  Heart  of  the  Alleghanies  or  Western  North  Carolina. 
By  Wilbur  G.  Ziegler  and  Ben  S.  Grosscup,  1883. 

On  Horseback.  A  Tour  in  Virginia,  North  Carolina  and  Tennessee. 
By  Charles  Dudley  Warner,  1888. 

The  Carolina  Mountains.     By  Margaret  W.  ]\Iorley,  1913. 

Our  Southern  Highlanders.     By  Horace  Kephart,  1913. 

A  Thousand  Mile  Walk  to  the  Gulf.     By  John  Muir,  1916. 

Appalachia,  Volumes  1,  2,  3,  4,  6,  8  (1877  to  1897). 

A  Bibliography  of  the  Southern  Appalachian  and  White  Moun- 
tain Regions.  By  Helen  E.  Stockbridge.  Proceedings  of  the 
Society  of  American  Foresters,  1911. 


Companion  to  the  Botanical  Magazine,  Vol.  2,  p.  134,  London,  1836. 
Topographical  Survey  in  the  Rocky  Mountains.     By  J.  J.  Mc- 

Arthur  in  Annual  Reports  of  the  Department  of  Interior,  1886  to  1893. 
Triangulation  Survey  in  the  Rocky  Mountains.    By  W.  S.  Drewry, 

in  Annual  Reports  of  the  Department  of  Interior,  1890  to  1893. 
Camping    in    the  Canadian  Rockies.     By  Walter  D.  Wilcox,    1896. 

(Enlarged  edition  published  as  The  Rockies  of  Canada,  1900.) 
Mountaineering  on  the  Himalayas  and  Other  Mountain  Ranges. 

By  J.   Norman  Collie,    1902. 

^  Wholly  or  in  part  about  Mt.  McKinley,  the  highest  mountain  in  North  America. 
'  Mt.  Blackburn. 

4PPA.LACHIA,  VOL.  XlV,  NO.  3 


Climbs  and  Exploration  in  the  Canadian  Rockies.  By  Hugh  E. 
M.  Stutfield  and  J.  Norman  Collie,  1903. 

In  the  Heart  of  the  Canadian  Rockies.     By  James  Outram,  1905. 

A  Guide  Book  to  the  -Lake  Louise  Region.  By  Walter  D.  Wilcox, 

The  Canadian  Rockies.  New  and  Old  Trails..  By  A.  P.  Coleman, 

Old  Indian  Trails.     By  Mary  T.  S.  Schaffer,  1911. 

Through  the  Heart  of  Canada.     By  Frank  Yeigh,  1911. 

Alpina  Americana,   No.   2.     By  Charles  E.   Fay,   1911. 

Among  the  Canadian  Alps.     By  Lawrence  J.  Burpee,  1914. 

Annual  Report  of  the  Commissioner  op  Dominion  Parks.  Depart- 
ment of  Interior,  Ottawa,  1909  to  the  present. 

Appalachia,  Vols.  7  to  13,  1893  to  1915  (33  articles);  Alpine  Journal, 
Vols.  18  to  22,  25  to  28,  1896  to  1914  (18  articles) ;  Geographic  Journal, 
January  1895,  April  1899,  Maj-  1903;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  January 
1897,  January  1898,  January  1912;  Journal  of  School  Geography,  1897; 
Jahrbuch  des  Deutschen  und  Oesterreichischen  Alpenvereins,  1900; 
Mazama,  October  1900,  December  1913,  December  1914;  National 
Geographic  Magazine,  May  and  June  1902,  June  1911,  May  1913; 
Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  Vols.  1  to  8,  1907  to  1917;  The  Mountaineer, 
1911;  Geographical  Review,  July  1916;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  Janu- 
ary 1918;  Munsey's,  March  1901;  Scribner's,  June  1903,  May  1914, 
September  1916;  Overland,  September  1910;  University,  October, 
1910;  Canadian,  August  1910,  July  1914;  Harper's,  May  1915;  Rod 
and  Gun  in  Canada,  January  1917,  December  1917. 

Bibliographies  in  Appal.achia,  Vol.  10,  May  1903,  and  in  Burpee's 
Aviong  the  Canadian  Alps,  1914.     One  in  preparation  by  the  Alpine 
Club  of  Canada. 
For  ascents  of  Mt.  Robson,  highest  of  the  Canadian  Rockies,  see 

Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  1909,   1910,   1912,   1913;  Appalachia,    1910, 

1914;  Alpine  Journal,  November   1910,    November  1912,    August   1913, 

February  1914;  Mazama,  1913;  National  Geographic  Magazine,  June  1911 

May  1913;  Scribner's,  1914;  and  A.  P.  Coleman's  book. 

cariboo  mountains 
Canadian  Alpine  Jouu.nal,  Vol.  8,  1917. 

cascade  mountains 

The  Mountains  of  Oregon.     By  W.  G.  Steel,  1890. 

The  Mountain  that  was  God.*     By  John  H.  Williams,  1910. 

Our  Greatest  Mountain  and  Alpine  Regio.ns  of  Wonder.*    By 

A.  H.  Barnes,  1911. 
The  Guardians  of  the  Columbia.     By  .John  H.  Williams,  1912. 
Mt.  Rainier.      A  Record  of  Exploration.*    By  Edmond  S.  Meany, 



Mt.    Rainier    National    Park.      General    Information.'     Published 

annually  (free)  by  Department  of  Interior.     Bibliography  included. 

Crater  Lake  National  Park.    General  Information.    Department  of 

Alpine  Journal,  1867,  May  1872,  May  1873,'  August   1877,   February 

Mazama,  Vols.  1  to  5,  1896  to  1917.     The  Mountaineer, 'Xols.  1  to  10, 
1907  to   1917;  Appalachia,   March   1894,»  May  1906,'   July  1911,' 
May  1913,'  October  1914,    June  1918;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  May 
1894,'  June  1898,'  February  1901,  June  1901,'  January  1906,'  Janu- 
ary 1910,  January  1912;  Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  1910  and  1911; 
Northern  Cordilleran,  1913. 
See  also  Littell's  Living  Age,  November  18, 1854:;  Harper's,  November 
1869;  Overland  Monthly,  May  1875,'  September  1886,'  August  1898,' 
November   1905,'    August    1910,'    November    1914;   Atlantic   Monthly, 
November   1876;'    The  Nation,    November  9,    1876;'  Northwest,    April 
1883;'  Harper's  Weekly,  August  28,   1897;'  Leslie's  Weekly,  August  26, 
1897;'    Scribner's,     August     1897;'   Cosmopolitan,    August    1898;   Good 
Words,  February  1901;'  Outing,  July  1901,'    November   1904;    Pacific, 
November     1902;'    Sunset,    November    1905;'    World    To-day    October 
1905;  Out   West,   May   1906;   Washington  Magazine,    September    1906; 
Travel,  May  1916. 

Bibliographies  in  Mazama,  1905  and  1907;  The  Mountaineer,  Novem- 
ber 1908  and  November  1910;  and  Mt.  Rainier  National  Park,  General 
Information,  Department  of  Interior,  Washington,  D.  C. 


The  Catskill  Mountains  and  the  Region  Around.     By  Charles 

Rockwell,   1867. 
Appalachia,  July  1880,    May    1890;    Bulletin   American   Geographical 

Society,  April  1907. 

central  AMERICA 

The  Southland  of  North  America.     By  George  P.  Putnam,   1913. 
Alpine  Journal,  Vol.  1,  March  1864;  National  Geographical  Magazine, 
July  1912. 

coast  range  of  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Travels  in  Alaska.    By  John  Muir,  1915. 
Alaska  Days  with  John  Muir.     By  S.  Hall  Young,  1915. 
Canadian  Alpine  Journal,   1908,   1913,   1917;  Northern  Cordilleran, 
1913;   The  Mountaineer,   1917. 

desert  mountains 

(Southern  California,   southern  and  western  Utah  and  New  Mexico, 
all  of  Nevada  and  Arizona,  and  Northern  Mexico). 

^  Mt.  Rainier.    See  also  Mazama,  1900,  1905,  1914;  The  Mountaineer,  1908-1912,  1915. 


Report  ox  the  Geology  of  the  Henry  Mountains  (Utah).  By  G. 
K.  Gilbert,  U.  S.  C.  and  G.  S.,  1877. 

The  Wonders  of  the  Colorado  Desert  (S.  California).  By  George 
Wharton  James,  2  vols.,  1906  (single  volume  edition  1911). 

Camp  Fires  on  Desert  and  Lava  (Mexico).  By  William  T.  Horna- 
day,    1908. 

The  Log  of  a  Timber  Cruiser  (New  Mexico) .  By  William  P.  Lawson, 

The  Navajo  Country.  Herbert  E.  Gregory,  Water  Supply  Paper 
380,  U.  S.  G.  S.,  1916. 

Appalachia,  July  1885  (Nevada),  July  1891,  January  1892,  (So.  Cali- 
fornia), December  1893  (Arizona),  July  1897  (Arizona);  Sierra 
Club  Bulleliyi,  June  1898  (New  Mexico),  June  1904  (Arizona), 
January  1918  (White  Mountains  of  California) ;  National  Geographic 
Magazine,  November  1911  (p.  1048,  Navajo  Mountain,  Utah). 

green  mountains 

Stowe  Notes,  Letters  and  Verses.     By  Edward  M.  Taber,  1913. 
The  Lure  of  Vermont's  Silent  Places,   the  Green  Mountains. 

By  R.  M.  Olzendam.     Issued  by  Vermont  Bureau  of  Publicity,  Office 

of  Secretary  of  State,  n.  d.     1916  (?). 
Guide  Book  of  the  Long  Trail.     Published  by  Green  Mt.  Club  of 

Vermont,   1917. 
Appalachia,  December  1881,  May  1889;  National  Sportsman,   March 

1907;  The  Vermonter,  July  1905,  May  1911;  Independent,  June  1, 1914. 

Collections  of  the   Massachusetts  Historical  Society,    2   series, 

Vol.  8,  pp.  112-116,   1826. 
Forest  Life  and  Forest  Trees.     By  John  S.  Springer,  1851. 
Life  in  the  Open  Air.     By  Theodore  Winthrop,  1863. 
The  Maine  Woods.      By  Henry  D.  Thoreau,  1864  (originally  printed 

in  Union  Magazine,  Vol.  3,  July  to  November  1848). 
Appalachia,  December  1881,  December  1883,  December  1884,  December 

1887,  May  1890,  November  1896,  April  1901,  June  1915  (Ktaadn  in 

See   also  American  Journal  of  Science,   April  1837;  Putnam'' s,  Sep- 
tember 1856;  Scribner's,   May   1878. 

Partial   Bibliography  in   University  of  Maine  Studies,   No.   5.     By 
LeRoy  H.  Harvey,  1903.     The  copy  of  the  A.  M.  C.  has  MS.  additions. 


Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  1916  and  1917. 


Geological  Survey  of  California.    Report  of  Progress,   etc.     By 
J.  D.  Whitney,  1865. 


Lassen  Peak  Folio.  By  J.  S.  Diller,  U.  S.  G.  S.,  1894.  Sierra  Club 
Bullelin,  June  1898,  June  1901;  Mazama,  December  1914;  Overland 
Monthly,  November  1914;  American  Forestry,  November   1916. 

Alpine  Journal,  1867,'  February  1869,  November  1890,'^igust  1897; 
Appalachia,    July    1897,   IMarch   1898,'   June   1907;  National  Geo- 
graphic Magazine,  September  1910;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  June  1911 
(Four  Mexican  Volcanoes). 
See  also  N^ew  Monthly  Magazine,   March   1862;'  Science,   May  12, 
1893;'   Around   the   World,    1894;'    Popular  Science  Monthly,   October 
1902'  and  August  1907;  Outing,   October  1908;  and  Recreation,  Sep- 
tember  1916. 


The  Mountaineer,  Vol.  1,  1907-1908,  Vol.  6,  1913;  Appalachia,  July 
1911  (pp.  221-224);  Mazama,  December  1913;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin, 
January  1914. 

The  Friendly  Mountain.  By  Ed.  B.  Webster,  Klahhane  Club  (Port 
Angeles,  Wash.),  1917. 

Recreation,  November  1898. 

Bibliography  in  The  Mountaineer,   Vol.    1,    November   1908. 

purcell  range 

The  Mountaineer,  1910,  1911,  1914;  Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  1911, 

1912,     1915,     1916,     1917;     Geographical     Journal,      June  1911; 

Appalachia,  April  1912,   June  1913,   December  1916,   June  1917; 
Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  January  1915. 

ROCKY    MOUNTAINS    (u.    S.) 

Account   op    an    Expedition    from    Pittsburgh   to    the    Rocky 

Mountains.     By   Edwin   James,    1823.     (First   ascent    of   Pike's 

The  Rocky  Mountains     .     .     .     from  the  Journal  of  Capt.  B.  L.  E. 

Bonneville.^     By  Washington  Irving,  1837. 
Report  of  the  Exploring  Expedition  to  the  Rocky  Mountains  in 

1842,1  by  J.  C.  Fremont,  1845. 
The  Switzerland  of  America:  A  Summer  Vacation  ix  the  Parks 

AND  Mountains  of  Colorado.     By  Samuel  Bowles,   1869.     (See 

also  same  author's  Our  New  West.) 
A  Lady's  Life  in  the  Rocky  Mountains.     By  Isabella  L.  Bird,  1879- 

80.     (Long's  Peak  and  the  Estes  Park  Region.) 

'  Orizaba,  highest  in  Me.xico. 
*  Wyoming. 


Mountaineering  in  Colorado.     By  F.  H.  Chapin,  1889. 

Land  of  the  Cliff  Dwellers.     By  F.  H   Chapin,  1892. 

Wild  Life  on  the  Rockies.     By  Enos  A  Mills,  1909. 

The  Spell  of  the  Rockies.     By  Enos  A.  Mills,  1911. 

The  Rocky  Mountain  Wonderland.     By  Enos  A.  Mills,   1915. 

The  Peaks  of  the  Rockies.     By  Edwin  L.   Sabin.     Issued  by  D. 

and  R.  G.  R.  R.,  1916. 
Appalachia,    February   1878,    June    1882,    December   1887,  June  1888, 

December  1888,  May,   1889,   December  1890,  January  1896,=  April 

1904,^  April  1912,=  October  1914.^ 
Alpine  Journal,  August  1879, ^    August  1891,  August  1899  ;i    Sierra 

Club  Bulletin,  February  1891;    The  Mountaineer,   1914f  Mazama, 

19152  and   1917 ;2   National  Geographic,  October  1902,2   ju^e    1907.2 
Trail  and  Timberline,  published  by  Colorado  Mountain  Club    1915 

and  1916. 
See  also  Scrihner's,  June  1873 ;i   Outing,  July  1904,  December  1915,^ 
June  1916,  August  1916,  and  General  Information  regarding  Rocky  Mt. 
National,    Glacier    National,'^     Yellowstone  National  Parks,   all  three 
published  annually  by  Department  of  Interior,  Washington,  D.  C. 

SELKIRK   range 

The  Rocks  and  Rivers  of  British  Columbia.  By  Walter  Moberly, 

Among  the  Selkirk  Glaciers.     By  W.  S.   Green,   1890. 

The  Selkirk  Range.     By  A.  O.  Wheeler,  1905. 

The  Canadian  Rockies;  New  and  Old  Trails.  By  A.  P.  Coleman, 

The  Selkirk  Mountains.  A  Guide  for  Mountain  Climbers  and  Pil- 
grims.    By  A.  O.  Wheeler  (and  Elizabeth  Parker),  1912. 

Mountaineering  and  Exploration  in  the  Selkirks.  By  Howard 
Palmer,  1914. 

Alpine  Journal,  August  1888,  May  1891,  February  1895,  May  1909; 
Jahrbuch  des  Schweizer  Alpen  Club,  1891  (first  ascent  of  Sir  Donald) ; 
Appalachia,  Vols.  7  to  12,  1893  to  1912  (19  articles) ;  Jahrbuch  des 
Deutscher  und  Oesterreichischer  Alpenclub,  1898;  Proc.  Royal  Geog. 
Society,  March  1889;  Canadian  Alpine  Journal   1907  to  the  present. 


Geological  Survey  of  California.  Report  of  Progress  and  Synopsis 
of  Field  Work  from  1860  to  1865.     By  J.  D.  Whitney,  1865. 

Scenes  of  Wonder  and  Curiosity  in  California.  By  J.  M.  Hatch- 
ings,  1870. 

^  Montana. 

2  Idaho. 

'  Includes  an  ascent  of  Mt.  Massive,  the  liighest  of  the  Ho:;ky  .Mountains,  14,401  feet 


Mountaineering  in  the  Sierua  Nevada.  By  Chirenfe  King,  1871. 
(The  Shasta  chapter  appeared  in  AUanlic  Munlldij,  December 

Picturesque  California  and  the  Region  West  of  the  Rocky 
Mountains.     By  John  Muir,  1888. 

My  Own  Story.     By  Joaquin  Miller,  1890. 

Physiography  of  the  United  States.  National  GeogrltpTiic  Society 
Monographs,   1896   (1897). 

Scribner's,  August  1873;  Harper's,  September  1877;  Overland,  May 
1874,  August  1887,  May  1895,  July  1896,  April  1905;  The  California 
Magazine,  JNIarch  1880,  March  1892,  August  1893;  Popular  Science 
Monthly,  November  1896;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,  June  1898;  Mazania, 
December  1910,  December  1917;  Pacific  Coast  Golf  and  Outdoor 
Sports.  December  1913;  Appalachia,  October  1914  (pp.  108-11). 


Geological  Survey  of  California.  Report  of  Progress  and  Synop- 
sis of  Field  Work  from  1860  to  1865.     By  J.  D.  Whitney,  1865. 

Mountaineering  in  the  Sierra  Nevada.     By  Clarence  King,  1871. 

Journal  of  Ramblings  Through  the  High  Sierra.  By  Joseph 
LeConte,  1875. 

The  Mountains  of  California.  By  John  Muir,  1894. 

The  Mountains.     By  Stewart  Edward  White,  1904. 

Alpina  Americana,  No.  1.     By  Joseph  N.  LeConte,  1907. 

My  First  Summer  in  the  Sierra.     By  John  Muir,  1911. 

Yosemite  Trails.     By  J.  Smeaton  Chase,  1911. 

YosEMiTE  AND  ITS  HiGH  SiERRA.     By  John  H.  Williams,  1914. 

Nature  and  Science  on  the  Pacific  Coast.     A.  A.  A.  S.,  1915. 

Sierra  Crest  and  Canon.     Southern  Pacific  R.  R.,  1916. 

Appalachia,   January  1892,  February  1893,   January  1896,   July  1897, 
May  1907,   October  1914;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,   1893  to  present; 
Mt.  Whitney  Club  Journal,  3  numbers  1902,  1903,  1904;  The  Moun- 
taineer, 1910  and  1912. 
See  also  Popular  Science   Monthly,  April   1873;   American  Journal 

of  Science,  1873;  Out  West,  May  1905;  Mid  Pacific  Magazine,  February 

1914;  Travel,  December  1916. 

For  Mt.   Whitney,   highest    mountain  in  the  States,   see  Clarence 

King's  Mountaineering,   Fourth  Edition,   1874;  Appalachia,   January 

1892,   May  1903,   October  1914;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin,   January   1893, 

January  1894,   May  1895,   February   1903,   June   1903,   January   1904, 

June   1904,   January  1906,   June   1909    (winter  ascent),   January  1910, 

June  1911;  Mt.  Whitney  Club  Journal;  Overland,  November  1873;  Land 

of  Sunshine,    1896;    Nature,    1882;  Penn  Monthly,   1882;  Professional 

Papers  Signal  Service,   1884;  Smithsonian  Misc.   Collections,   Vol.  52, 

January  12,  1910. 


vancouver  island 
Canadian  Alpine  Journal,  1913. 

wallowa  mountains 

Mazama,  Vol.  4,  21-22,  October  1912,  and  Vol.  5,  201-203,  December 


The  History  of  the  White  Mountains.     By  Lucy  Crawford,  1846. 
Historical  Relics  of  the  White  Mountains.     By  John  H.  Spauld- 

ing,  1855. 
Incidents  in  White  Mountain  History.     By  Benj.  G.  Willey,  1856. 
The  White  Hills,  Their  Legends,  Landscapes  and  Poetry.     By- 
Thomas  Starr  King,  1860. 
Mt.  Washington  in  Winter.     By  C.  H.  Hitchcock  and  others,  1871. 
The  White  Mountains,  a  Handbook  for  Travellers.     By  M.  F. 

Sweetser,  1876.     (Many  later  editions.) 
The  Heart  of  the  White  Mountains  :  Their  Legends  and  Scenery. 

By  Samuel  Adams  Drake,  1881. 
The  White  Mountains:  A  Guide  to  Their  Interpretation.     By 

Julius  H.  Ward,  1890.     (Enlarged  edition,  1896.) 
At  the  North  of  Bearcamp  Water.     By  Frank  BoUes,  1893. 
Footing  it  in  Franconia.     By  Bradford  Torrey,  1901.     (See  also  the 

same  author's  Birds  in  the  Bush,  1885,    A  Rambler's  Lease,  1889, 

The  Foot-path  Way,  1892,  Nature's  Invitation,  1904.) 
White  Mountain  Trails.     By  Winthrop  Packard,   1912. 
Dartmouth  Out  o'Doors.     Edited  by  Fred  H.  Harris,  1913. 
Boy  Scouts  in  the  White  Mountains.     By  Walter  Pritchard  Eaton, 

Chronicles  of  the  White  Mountains.     By  Frederick  W.  Kilbourne, 

Passaconaway  in  the  White  Mountains.     By  Charles  E.  Beals,  Jr., 

Guide  to  Paths  in  the  White  Mountains  and  Adjacent  Regions. 

Published    by    Appalachian    Mountain    Club.     (Enlarged    edition 

Appalachia,  Vols.  1  to  14,  1876  to  1918. 

For  further  information  see  A  Bibliography  of  the  White  Mountains. 
By  Allen  H.  Bent.  Published  by  A.  M.  C,  1911  (with  leaflet  of  addi- 
tions to  1918).  Also  a  Bibliography  of  the  Southern  Appalachian  and 
White  Mountain  Regions.  By  Helen  E.  Stockbridge.  Published  by 
Society  of  American  Foresters,  1911. 

For  winter  climbing  see  Second  and  Third  Annual  Reports  on  the 
Geology  of  New  Hampshire,  1870  and  1871;  Hitchcock's,  Drake's, 
Ward's  (enlarged  edition),  BoUes',  and  Beals'  books  and  Dartmouth 
Out   o'Doors. 


Also  Appalachia  June  1882,  July  1885,  December  1888,  May  1889, 
February  1893,  March  1898,  May  1'  02,  June  1905,  May  1906;  Nature, 
February  16,  1871;  Science,  January  8,  1886;  New  England  Maga- 
zine, February  1890;  February  1912;  Scribncr's,  February  1891; 
Granite  Monthly,  December  1897  and  August  1901;  Photo  Era, 
August  1900,  Februarj' 1901  and  January  1914;  Sierra  Club  Bulletin, 
June  1901;  Outlook,  March  1,  1902;  B.  &  M.  MesseJigefr^ovemhor 
1,  1907;  Fall  River  Line  Journal,  February  16,  1914;  Outing,  Feb- 
ruary 1915,  January  1916  and  September  1917;  American  Botanist, 
February  1915. 

south  america 

The  Land  of  Bolivar:  Peace,  War  and  Adventure  in  the  Republic 

OF  Venezuela.  -  By  James  M.  Spence,  Vol.  2,  London,  1878. 
Perou  et  Bolivie.     By  M.  Wiener,  Paris,  1880. 
Annals  of  the  Astronomical  Observatory  of  Haj^vard  College, 

Vol.  39,  Part  1,  1889. 
Travels  Amongst  the  Great  Andes  of  the  Equator.     By  Edward 

Whymper,    1892    (1891).     (Appeared   in   part   in  Alpine   Journal, 

Vol.  10,  1880  to  1882). 
The  Highest  Andes. ^     By  E.  A.  FitzGerald,  1899.     (Appeared  in  part 

in  Alpine  Journal.) 
From  the  Alps  to  the  Andes,  being  the  Autobiography  of  a  Mountain 

Guide. 1     By  Mattias  Zurbriggen,  1899. 
The  Bolivian  Andes.     By  Sir  Martin  Conway,  1901. 
Aconcagua  and  Tierra  del  Fuego.     By  Sir  Martin  Conway,  1902. 
In  DEM  Hoch  Anden  von  Ecuador.     By  Hans  Meyer,  1907. 
My  Climbing  Adventures  in  Four  Continents.     By  Samuel  Turner, 

A  Search  for  the  Apex  of  America.     By  Annie  S.  Peck,  1911. 
Appalachia,    March   1894,   May   1906;   Bulletin  American  Geographic 

Societrj,  1874;  Harper's,  March  1912. 


Journal  of  a  Tour  Around  Hawaii  in  1823.  'Ry  Rev.  William  Ellis, 
1825.  (Contains  an  account  of  an  ascent  of  Kilauea,  the  volcano 
on  the  slope  of  Mauna  Loa.) 

Voyage  of  H.  M.  S.  Blonde  to  the  Sandwich  Islands  in  the  Yk.ars 
1824r-25.  By  Capt.  Rt.  Hon.  Lord  Byron,  1826  (First  ascent  in 
1825,  of  Mauna  Kea,  13,828  feet,  highest  on  islands.) 

Life  of  John  Ledyard.  By  Jared  Sparks,  1828.  (Ledyard  was  with 
Captain  Cook  when  the  islands  were  discovered  in  1778  and  at- 
tempted the  ascent  of  Mauna  Loa.) 

Account  of  an  Ascent  and  Barometrical  Measurements  of  Wha- 
ra-rai,    a    Mountain    of    Owhyhee.     By    Archibald    Menzies. 

'includes  an  account  of  first  ascent  of  Aconcagua,  23,030  feet,  highest  in  America. 


Magazine  of  Natural  History,  Vols.  1  and  2,  London,  September 
1828  and  November  1829.  (First  ascent  in  January  1794,  of  Hu- 
alalai,  8273  feet.     Engraving  in  Vancouver's  Voyages,  Vol.  3,  1798.) 

JouRXAL  OF  David  Douglas.  Companion  to  the  Botanical  Magazine, 
Vol.  11,  London,  1836.  (First  ascent  in  1834  of  Mauna  Loa,  13,675 

Narrative  of  the  U.  S.  Exploring  Expeditiox  uxder  the  Command 
OF  Charles  Wilkes,  U.  S.  N.,  Vol.  4,  1845. 

Fourth  Annual  Report  of  the  U.  S.  Geological  Survey.     1884. 

The  Volcanoes  of  Kilauea  and  Mauna  Loa.  By  William  T.  Brig- 
ham,  1909. 

Hawaii  and  its  Volcanoes.     By  Charles  H.  Hitchcock,  1909. 

Mid  Pacific  Magazine,  Vol.  7,  February  1914;  Mazama,  December 

A  General  Bibliography  of  the  Hawaiian  Islands,  entitled. "Pre- 
liminary Catalogue  of  Hawaiiana  in  the  Library  of  George  R. 
Carter,"  By  Howard  M.  Ballou,  191  pages,  was  published  in  Boston 
in  1915. 


Los  Angeles 

This  book  is  DUE  on  the  last  date  stamped  below. 

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016       Literature  of 
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BmOERY  P|0V  7     1956 



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University  Research  Library 



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